Taurine Taurine is a conditionally-essential - non-proteogenic - sulfur bearing amino acid like substance, found in the bloodstream, body tissues, heart, muscles and the nervous system. Taurine is a GABAB agonist and may increase GABA levels by increasing GABA synthesis, preventing GABA breakdown, and blocking GABA reuptake.
Astragalus extract Astragalus propinquus (A. membranaceus) is an Adaptogenic herb whose root contains the health-protecting benefits of Astragaloside along with other saponins, sterols, isoflavones and polysaccharides.
Ashwagandha extract (Withania somnifera) Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. In Ayurveda, the roots of W. somnifera are used to prepare Ashwagandha. Ashwagandha has been shown to have positive effect on neural growth and locomotor function and the production of Catecholamines: dopamine , 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid; antioxidants: glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase;
L-Tyrosine L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that plays a part in the production of adrenal hormones and thyroid hormones as well as for neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Tyrosine requires pyridoxal 5 phosphate (P5P) to be converted to norepinephrine.
Vitamin B-1 (as Benfotiamine) An essential vitamin necessary for proper metabolism of sugar and starch to provide energy in the body. Thiamine also functions in the nerves, brain and heart, digestive and the whole nervous system, and is important for the maintenance of healthy, clear, luminous eyes, hair and skin.
Vitamin B2 (as riboflavin 5'-phosphate) Vitamin B2 helps the eyes by boosting Glutathione levels. Glutathione is an important antioxidant for the eye and is made in our bodies when the right nutrients are present. Glutathione levels are important in cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and many ageing processes. Riboflavin serves as a precursor to the flavin adenine dinucleotide, a coenzyme involved in the energy-producing mitochondrial electron-transport chain. It has been postulated that headaches could be due to a deficiency in neuronal energy systems.
Vitamin B5 (as Calcium Pantothenate/Pantethine) Vitamin B5 known as Pantothenic Acid, is the anti-stress vitamin (water-soluble) and stamina enhancer, this vitamin supports adrenal function and the production of adrenal hormones (such as cortisone in the adrenal glands), required for the formation of antibodies (immune system), and helps to convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy. Vitamin B5 is a component of coenzyme A, which is needed to carry out metabolic functions. Vitamin B5 helps to produce the neurotransmitters required for proper nerve and muscle performance. A deficiency of Pantothenic acid may cause fatigue, psoriasis, and headache. Vitamin B5 is often used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis; swelling, pain, and stiffness.
Vitamin B3 (Inositol hexinicotinate) Vitamin B3 (Niacin) supports adrenal function and the production of adrenal hormones The Inositol Hexanicotinate form of Niacin is absorbed intact and then hydrolzyed within the body to release free Niacin and Inositol. Inositol Hexanicotinate is metabolized more slowly than free Niacin - it does not reach maximum Blood Serum levels until approximately ten hours after its oral ingestion. Niacin is a critical essential coenzyme for anti-stress, helping the body in general healing. Niacin assists in the functioning of the nervous system; in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins; and in the production of hydrochloric acid for the digestive system.
Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxal 5 phosphate) Vitamin B-6 is comprised of three natural organic compounds; pyridoxal (Pyridoxal 5 phosphate), pyridoxamine and pyridoxine. Pyridoxal 5 phosphate is the bioactive metabolite of the coenzyme Vitamin B-6 involved in many important enzymatic reactions. Vitamin B6 is a required enzymatic cofactor in numerous metabolic processes, including the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine.
Vitamin B12 (Methylcobalamin) Methylcobalamin an active coenzyme form of vitamin B12, supports methylation pathways, an important cofactor in the enzyme methionine synthase, including the formation of S-adenosyl-homocysteine (SAMe) and the elimination of the neurotoxic compound homocysteine. essential for recycling of homocysteine and for the formation of methyl donors involved in cardiovascular function, sleep, blood cell formation, and nerve function.
Folic Acid [VitaminB-9, M] (as 5-MTHF) 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), an active folate, is a necessary cofactor to the enzyme, tyrosine hydroxylase, which converts tyrosine to L-DOPA. Folic acid also serves as a methyl donor in a number of neurotransmitter pathways, including the conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine. Folic acid AKA folate (the anion form) are forms of the water-soluble Vitamin B-9, which helps convert vitamin B12 to a coenzyme form, helps synthesize nucleic acids (DNA & RNA) essential for the growth and reproduction of all body cells, essential to the formation of red blood cells by its action on the bone marrow, and aids in amino acid metabolism.
Biotin [Vitamin-H] A water-soluble B vitamin acting as a co-enzyme to metabolise proteins, fats and carbs. Vitamin B7 or biotin is one of the most active biological substances known. Biotin is essential to the formation process of several enzymes and hormones produced in the pancreas, including insulin.
Inositol [Vitamin B-8] (Inositol hexinicotinate) Inositol is a key intermediate molecule of second messenger signal transduction pathways used by serotonergic, cholinergic, and noradrenergic neurons. Inositol is involved in signal transduction pathways involving the neurotransmitter serotonin.
Choline (as Choline Bitartrate) Choline is an essential welltrient found in most plants and animals, one of the main components of lecithin in the form of phospholipid lecithin, utilized as a building unit, and is essential in some metabolic processes. Essential functions include: building and maintaining cell membranes, fat metabolism, cholesterol metabolism and preventing abnormal accumulation of fat in the liver, formation of Acetylcholine used in transmethylation reactions (precursors of methylated compounds, i.e. creatine, choline, and adrenaline), and improves brain function and memory retention.
PABA [Vitamin B-10] (Para Aminobenzoic Acid) PABA (Para-aminobenzoic acid) is a naturally occurring non-protein amino acid. PABA as a nutrient is sometimes called Vitamin B-10. In the body, PABA functions as an aid in the assimilation of Pantothenic acid and as an intermediate in folic acid synthesis via bacteria in the colon. PABA may be an essential nutrient whenever normal PABA synthesis by intestinal bacteria is insufficient.
Benfotiamine Benfotiamine is an active coenzyme derivative of thiamine in a fat-soluble form. Benfotiamine is an allithiamine, a unique class of thiamin-derived compounds present in trace quantities in roasted crushed garlic and other vegetables from the Allium genus (such as onions, shallots, and leeks). Benfotiamineâs open-ringed structure makes it able to pass directly through cell membranes, readily crossing the intestinal wall and being taken straight into the cell.